Which fossil fuel can keep up?.

SAMSON. May 2002 SAMSON MAGAZINE. Subject. Energies of the future. Report. Entrepreneurship on the right course. Portrait. Birthday in the Gaudí Year

SAMSON. May 2002 SAMSON MAGAZINE. Special topic. Energies of the future. Report. Entrepreneurship on the right course. Portrait. Birthday in the Gaudí year

August 20, 2016 | Author: Juliane Kramer | Category: N/A DOWNLOAD PDF (2.1MB) Share Embed Donate Report this link

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1 SAMSON May 2002 SAMSON MAGAZINE Special Feature Report Portrait Innovations Energies of the future Entrepreneurship on ric…

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When unboxing, the first thing that caught my eye was the high quality packaging. Gave me directly a very positive first impression. On closer inspection, the very limited contents were surprising: In addition to the Dali Katch, only the power supply with three travel adapters, a two-page Quick Start Guide and a transport bag are included.

First of all, some short remarks about the equipment: The handling of the power supply is simple, and the adapters can be exchanged several times without any problems. It's just a pity that Dali didn't follow the current trend of mobile devices and equipped the power supply with a micro-USB connector. In the whitepapers for the product, the included transport bag is described as a "high-quality carrying bag. The material itself is of high quality, but a stable transport bag, like the ones for mobile navigation devices or cell phones, would have fit better in my opinion. The Quick Start Guide comes as a flyer printed on both sides. Explains the operation of the Katch in Ikea style by means of symbols without any text. What looks a bit meager at first, turned out to be practical after all.


The Dali Katch itself has an elegant design with a sleek exterior. The solid aluminum case makes a very stable impression, and I like the feel of the control buttons on the top very much. To this end, every keystroke is also confirmed with a visual display by the LEDs on the top side. At the beginning, I was a bit unsettled by the fact that the plastic side covers of the loudspeakers can be pushed in a bit. Why the USB and line-in ports on the side have a dust- and splash-proof rubber cover, but the power supply port does not, is not quite clear to me. The carrying strap can be fitted snugly to the device, so it doesn't interfere visually or mechanically when the Katch is used upright. I really like the charging function of a cell phone via the USB port, that's a really nice feature. The first connection of the Dali Katch to my Apple iPhone 6S. A Samsung Nexus 10 via Bluetooth worked perfectly. Also later device couplings were always very fast and problem-free possible. The connection via an analog audio cable with jack plug also works well. However, there is a lot of noise when the cell phone is connected to the EDGE network. This could not be avoided completely even by increasing the distance by longer cables. With an existing Bluetooth connection, this interference noise only occurs when the cell phone and the Katch are in the immediate vicinity of each other.

They are distinguished by software only!

The Mercedes-Benz M278 – that's the internal designation (where "M" for engine stands /"OM" would stand for oil engine (i.E., diesel) – is a V8 gasoline engine that has been offered in various series since 2010.

Technically closely related to the V6, M 276, which was created in the same development cycle, it also shares with it many advantages and disadvantages.

The M278 is the evolution of its direct predecessor, the M 273. From this took over the basic design, which of course had to be adapted in detail to the increased forces. The market launch of the M 278 took place in CL. S-Class in autumn 2010 instead of. Shortly thereafter, a power-reduced variant (408 hp) debuted in the CLS.

Cyclists are allowed to do a lot

In the Road Traffic Regulations (StVO) there is no uniform definition for bicycles. According to common usage, a bicycle is a two-wheeled, single-track vehicle that is propelled by muscle power, especially with the help of pedals or hand cranks. In addition to standard bicycles, this also includes recumbent bicycles, tandems and cargo bikes. The latter may also be three-wheeled.

No bicycles in the sense of the road traffic regulations are, for example, scooters, inline skates and skateboards, so-called "special means of transport" according to § 24 StVO . Motorized vehicles such as e-scooters, segways and hoverboards, as well as e-bikes and pedelecs, are also not considered bicycles if they reach maximum speeds of more than 25 km/h and are thus to be classified as motor vehicles.

On the road with your bike – where are you allowed to ride?

Marked cycle paths must be used

As a cyclist, you may be flexible and environmentally aware in road traffic, but unfortunately you also
the weakest link in the chain. You don't have sheet metal around you like car drivers do. Are neither as fast nor as well padded as motorcyclists. For this reason alone, you should know and observe all important traffic regulations.

How the fitness trend hiit works

Saarbrücken Invest little time, lose a lot of weight. This is what HIIT promises. Can this actually work? Yes, say experts – partially.

Everyone has no time. The extra-long workday, the after-work beer, and dinner with the kids. When should you still do long jogging laps??

This is where HIIT comes in: In just a few minutes, recreational athletes should become as fit as they would otherwise be after an entire workout.

A special request of the key service Leutenbach (Württemberg) is that you do not need us in the first place.

Locksmith on site leutenbach

This sentence might sound a bit far-fetched at first, but a common reason for needing a locksmith is, for example, when the locks need to be redone after a completed burglary, which you wouldn't wish on anyone.

100% burglary protection can hardly be achieved – or it is difficult to afford for a private household. The primary goal of private burglary protection should therefore initially be to prevent a possible burglar from breaking in for as long as possible. This includes, in addition to the purchase of an alarm system, securing the windows and always acting cautiously, also the protection of the front door.

Yes, how am I doing? Quite up to date I can say. The last irradiation is now already 6 weeks ago. So really nobody knows at the moment if I am already fully healthy (aka. In "full remission"), because the next CT is not due for another 2 weeks. According to the doctor's letter, however, as "aftercare", which of course gives a good tailwind. This long time of about 8 weeks is waited for, because especially the radiation still has a very long effect in the body and all kinds of conversion and degradation processes are underway, which would falsify an imaging at this time. This tangle (visually close to the Mind Flayer from Stranger Things) I also feel from time to time from chest to throat, for example by scratching the throat or a "hot breath", as you have it with a cold.

After all, I can already do a good 20km on the road bike. Knödelig and colorful I jet through the Reichswald behind the zoo and can almost keep up with the grannies on their e-bikes. I'm thrilled about my newfound athleticism and Olga and I celebrate with regular visits to either Angelo Eis or Luisa's Eissalon.

Photo jobs are constantly increasing and am actually already relying on Trello again to keep track of everything. What is great of course. Also a great new studio/studio/gallery space is in prospect here in the south of the city. Together with Anika I plan, finally again Fototreffs and to plan workshops. Besides, Olga and I could finally start a gallery for contemporary photography in Nuremberg, which would be great and also overdue. Nuremberg respectively. Franconia is in terms of photography just really shit set up, you have to say so.

The car goes back to the garage as part of the withdrawal, but unfortunately even now there are problems with the amount of repayment.

Monthly report march 2022

Engine noise

Early March, up to -15° C in northern Germany almost brought my Ibiza to its knees. After about 10 seconds of pre-heating the Ibiza nails off, on the first kilometers driving is completely uncomfortable, a lot of soot leaves the car, the heating gets warm only very slowly. Nice: The seat heating warms up the leather seats quickly, after a few moments you can feel the pleasant warmth. In snow and ice, the ESP proved its ability to find a happy medium between eternal braking and uncontrollable sliding.

Monthly report march 2022

Ice on the Ibiza.

Skoda superb combi iv station wagon with plug

The Czechs go for the short and long end of the stick. At the short end, with the Citigo, where there's no room for much technology, they're going for an all-electric powertrain. At the long end, on the Superb, on a plug-in hybrid. Both carry the additional designation iV (for intelligent vehicle). We have tested the Superb iV as a station wagon. More on the Superb iV and PHEVs in general:Skoda Superb iV: The plug-in hybrid is available from 41.590 eurosPlug-in hybrid (2019): All modelsWhat's it all about? The Skoda Superb Combi is a 4.86-meter-long mid-size station wagon with a lot of interior space. The current generation is already the third and started in 2015. Recently, the car received a facelift. The car now gets the plug-in hybrid system from the VW Passat GTE. And what does this drive consist of? As before, the combustion engine is the long-serving 1.4 TSI is used, which here produces 156 hp. Plus a 116 hp (85 kW) electric motor built into the transmission. Together, the engines provide a system output of 218 hp; the power goes to the front wheels. Driving performance is virtually identical to that of a Superb 2.0 TSI with 190 hp and DSG: sprint in 7.8 seconds and 224 km/h top, which is more than decent. The car achieves an impressive 62 kilometers on pure electric power (in the WLTP cycle). A really impressive figure; the first plug-in hybrids cruised around 30 kilometers, and those were still NEDC kilometers! Does the technology also have disadvantages? Naturally. The technology is voluminous and large. The lithium-ion battery alone weighs 138 kilograms, plus the power electronics and the electric motor. Thus, the Superb Combi iV weighs about 250 kilos more than the aforementioned combustion version with two-liter gasoline engine. And: Even though the car is big, it is not easy to accommodate all the technology. The space under the front hood is so plugged full that the 12 volt starter battery had to be placed in the rear. The lithium-ion battery takes its place where the fuel tank would otherwise be, and the gasoline tank moves further back. This reduces the luggage compartment from 660 to 1.950 liters to just 510 to 1.800 liters. That's still a big trunk, but just not superb anymore. It no longer fits much more luggage than in a conventionally powered Octavia Combi (in the old version: 610 to 1.740 liters, in the new even more). The Superb's fuel tank is also reduced, from 66 to 50 liters. © Motor1.Com Germany Skoda Superb iV ( 2020) If you really want to keep the Superb iV true to its species, it should of course be recharged regularly. Because of the small battery (13 kWh gross) compared to electric cars, it can be recharged relatively quickly at the household socket, namely in five hours. You just have to remember to plug it in. © Engine1.Com Germany Skoda Superb iV ( 2020) How does it drive?? Unspectacular, at least on the roads between Amsterdam and The Hague, which are rather designed for cyclists, we never felt animated to drive sportily. The car is rather an inconspicuous everyday helper. The relatively small gasoline engine seems a bit strained from time to time (especially when the battery juice is out or when you take it away), and then makes itself audible. The propulsion is nevertheless. The electric drive alone (in which you drive off) delivers 330 Newton meters of torque. That's about as much as the aforementioned conventional Superb with 190-hp gasoline engine offers. But if you enjoy the nice thump of the electric drive more often and accelerate accordingly, one battery charge won't last long. If we had driven as gently as the WLTP cycle apparently dictates, the battery should actually have been enough for our 60-kilometer first test section. But due to lack of sympathy for the battery, we ran it down pretty fast. On a trial basis, we partially filled it up again with the help of the combustion engine, which of course is not in the interest of efficiency. According to the on-board computer we needed 7.7 kWh plus 4.2 liters per 100 km on average. Does that mean anything to you? Not us. That's why we have converted to euros. The result was about 8.10 euros per 100 kilometers (0.30 euros/kWh and 1.38 euros/liter). At first glance, that's quite a lot, isn't it?? Let's roughly calculate the mentioned gasoline Superb against it. According to the standard, it needs 6.2 liters; let's just make it nine liters, in our experience most cars need 50 percent more than the standard in normal operation. That would be a fuel cost of 12,40 Euro. So you do save with the Superb iV. More about this later. © Motor1.Com Germany Skoda Superb iV ( 2020) We liked the B-mode, which is particularly recommended for dense city traffic. The recuperation and thus the braking effect is significantly increased. You have to switch between pedals less often. But you can't drive with one pedal (like the BMW i3), the braking effect isn't that strong. In addition, the car does not brake down to zero, but continues to crawl. Did you notice anything else? Once again, the brilliant instrument display has made a positive impression. We also like that Skoda has included both a modern USB-C port and a traditional slot (for USB sticks, for example). Negative but also something: The car admonished us on 60 kilometers of driving at least five times to take the steering wheel back in hand, although we had never let go of it even for a second. © Engine1.Com Germany Skoda Superb iV ( 2020) What does the plug-in estate cost?? The car can already be configured on the Skoda website, it is available in all trims except the basic Active version. The cheapest version (Ambition) costs 42.590 euros. If one still pulls the environmental bonus of 3.285 euros off, you end up with 39.305 euros. The already mentioned Superb Combi 2.0 TSI DSG with 190 PS costs in the same equipment only 36.850 euros, i.E. Around 2.500 euros less. Is it worth it financially?? Depends on it. The extra price can theoretically be recouped if you fill up with cheap electricity instead of expensive gas. The gasoline engine consumes 6.2 liters per 100 kilometers according to the standard. With 20.000 km per year, that's 1.240 liters of fuel, which currently costs an average of 1.711 euros. For the Superb iV Skoda doesn't give a power consumption in electric mode nor a fuel consumption in save-battery mode. We use the battery capacity (10.4 kWh net) and the range (62 kilometers) to calculate a power consumption of 16.8 kWh/100 km. That is 3.354 kWh annually, if one drives exclusively with electricity. At an average household electricity price of 30 cents, you pay 1.006 Euro, so you save about 700 Euro per year. If you only drive electrically, the extra cost will have paid for itself after three and a half years. In practice it will take longer. How long depends on how often you drive with gasoline (or with expensive electricity from public charging stations). Our conclusion from this comparison: The Plug-in Superb is not a car for economy foxes. If you only want to save money, please buy a Skoda Octavia Combi with conventional drive system. For whom is the car then suitable? For the family with two children that needs a lot of space, only wants one car and is thinking about CO2 emissions. The car should then be regularly recharged. Mainly used for short distances. For the round trip to work. Back the range is easily enough. Thanks to the combustion engine, you don't have to worry about being stranded at the weekend. And for the trip the big station wagon offers enough space. Verdict: 7/10 The Superb iV offers an impressive range of 62 WLTP kilometers, and plenty of trunk space for a plug-in hybrid car. If you use the car the way the PHEV manufacturers like to imagine (electric commuting, burning gasoline on weekends and vacations), you can also save on CO2 emissions, at least locally when driving it. Otherwise, however, the environmentally conscious prospective customer should take a self-critical look at himself and consider whether he is prepared to charge the car every day or at least every other day. If not, then perhaps a natural gas Octavia is even more environmentally friendly.Skoda Superb Combi iVMotorPlug-in hybrid drive with 1.4-liter turbo petrol engine (115 kW, 1.395 cc) and electric motor (85 kW)Output160 kW / 218 hpMax.

Dealing with bgh rulings that have shaped the law

In addition to ensuring uniform case law, the central tasks of the Federal Supreme Court as an appellate court also include the further development of the law. In view of the special rules contained in § 543 para. 2 No. 2 ZPO is in principle beyond doubt, even if questions of the transition from the expanding, insofar as the. Application of the law to the further development of the law as well as the borderline between permissible further development praeter legem. According to the widespread view of inadmissible further development contra legem not infrequently form the subject of methodological discussion. However, the prerequisites of. Limits of permissible further development of the law cannot be discussed here. Nor will the following discuss the reasons why the further development of the law has played a particularly prominent role in corporate law since time immemorial;1 in addition to the specific legal subject matter, which is in constant flux thanks to cautel jurisprudence and economic developments, and its challenges for the ruling practice of the II. The respective composition of the bench and the personality of the chairman of the Civil Senate may also make a not insignificant contribution to this.2 On the basis of a Federal Court of Justice ruling3 issued in November 2003, the question should rather be addressed as to how legal science and practice react to surprising new paths of supreme court jurisprudence and what they can contribute to pointing the judicial step into uncharted territory towards a goal and direction (cf. Under III). In this connection, the experiences with some outstanding chapters of the further development of the law from the last decades are to be recalled briefly in advance (under II).

II. 1. If one considers the further development of the law by the Federal Supreme Court over the last 30 years in the field of corporate law,4 it is not difficult to pick out a number of striking developments that either precede or even replace the legislation as a first group of cases. These developments were each characterized by the fact that the II. Civil Senate Gelegen¬ZHR 169 (2005) S. 1 (2) the BGH has had the opportunity to gradually embark on the journey into uncharted territory thanks to appropriate revisions and to be assured of the approval of the experts in the field. On the one hand, the decisions on the analogous application of GmbH external law to the typical GmbH& Co KG5 and the elaboration of special rules for equity-replacing shareholder loans,6 on the other hand, the case law on the Publikums-KG7 and on legal capacity and shareholder liability in the case of the external GbR.8 The details are known to the ZHR readers and do not require further explanation.

2. A second – much narrower – group of cases is formed by such steps in the further development of the law, the consequences of which were initially not sufficiently foreseeable, with the result that they met the fate of a relatively short-lived episode. It is sufficient to refer to the much-discussed case law on loss compensation of the controlling company in the qualified de facto GmbH group. After its remarkable beginning with the open-ended car crane ruling9 , it threatened to get out of hand with the subsequent rulings on civil engineering10 and video11 and to undermine the liability privilege of Section 13 Paragraph 2 of the German Civil Code. 2 GmbHG for the controlling company to be fundamentally called into question, so that the Senate heralded its end – officially by way of a "clarification" – through TBB12. Since the associated basic tendency to provide for creditor protection in the dependent GmbH without minority shareholders13 beyond §§ 30, 64 GmbHG corresponded to an unmistakable legal need, it has since been replaced, as is well known – albeit without an explicit reference to the group – by the case law on shareholder liability for intervention that endangers the existence of the company, which began with Bremer Vulkan.14