Land of commuting

Who is considered a commuter?
The group of commuters in gainful employment does not contain all persons in gainful employment, but only the subset of actively employed persons. Temporary absentees with ongoing employment, z.B. Women on maternity leave, people on parental leave, educational leave etc. Are not included in commuting destination statistics. They have a job to return to when their maternity leave expires, but they do not participate in commuting during that time.

What exactly is meant by commuter rate?
The share of out-commuters is calculated as the number of persons crossing the border of their home municipality for their job out of the total number of employed persons in the respective home municipality. These are, in addition to commuters, those who work within the municipal boundary and those who have their place of work at the place of residence. Vienna is a special case: commuters drive to work within Vienna's districts, but are not counted statistically as commuters as long as they do not cross the city border. Thus, Viennese, which are considered by the 21. District in the 23. District commute, not as out-commuters, although they tend to travel longer than commuters between two neighboring rural communities with a ten-minute drive between them. Addendum has followed the definition of Statistik Austria.

How are the average travel times calculated?
The Geoatlas routing network based on TomTom (2017) was used to calculate the travel time between the place of residence and the place of work of the commuters of acquisition. Calculations were made from the residential building to the workplace building according to optimized travel time based on the road network. For non-commuters as well as for commuters to foreign countries no kilometer information is available. The use of public transport is not provided for in this model.

Which routes are shown in the maps?
All commuter links between Austrian municipalities with more than five gainfully employed commuters each are included. Connections to neighboring countries cannot be mapped. The routes themselves were queried via an interface from Google Maps.

How did you calculate the popularity of the most important commuter destination per municipality? For this we have sorted all commuter destinations in ascending order. Then formed a cumulative total. In a municipality with 30 commuters, for example, this would mean: If there are ten municipalities with one commuter each, then that would be a less popular commuter destination. If this is followed by two municipalities to which five commuters are drawn, then that would be popular on average. If a community attracts ten outbound commuters, it would be a more popular commuter destination than average.

What models did the project follow? The topic commuting have editors in Switzerland. Germany already comprehensively prepared interactively. In this article we tried to combine the best elements of our colleagues from SPIEGEL, ZEIT and SRF.

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