Overview of the chapters
ICD-10-WHO Version 2013
Chapter XX External causes of morbidity and mortality (V01-Y98)
Transportation accidents (V01-V99)
The following section consists of 12 groups. Those relating to land transport accidents (V01-V89) reflect the mode of transport of the victim of the accident and are further subdivided to indicate the "counterpart" Of the casualty or describe the nature of the incident. The vehicle used by the injured person is designated by the first two digits, because its indication is considered the most important factor for prevention purposes.
Definitions of transport accidents
1. A transportation accident (V01-V99) is any accident involving vehicles used permanently or temporarily for the transportation of persons or goods. 2. A public thoroughfare [traffic route] or public road is the entire width between property lines (or other boundary lines) that is available to the public by right or custom for the purpose of transporting persons or goods. A roadway is that part of the public highway which is intended and arranged for vehicular traffic and is generally used for that purpose. 3. A traffic accident is any vehicle accident that occurs on a public road [d.H. An accident that begins or ends on a traffic route or involves a vehicle that is partially on the traffic route]. A vehicle accident is assumed to have occurred on a public thoroughfare if no other location is indicated. Accidents involving only motor vehicles [motorized vehicles] that do not normally travel on public roads are classified as non-traffic accidents, unless the opposite is found to be true. 4. A non-traffic accident is any vehicle accident that does not occur on a public roadway. 5. A pedestrian is any person involved in an accident who, at the time of the accident, was not in or on a motor vehicle [motor vehicle], railroad train, streetcar car, animal drawn or other vehicle, nor was riding or using a bicycle. Incl.: User of a pedestrian conveyance such as: – carts – children's scooters – baby carriages – roller skates – wheelchair (powered) – sledges – skates – skateboards – skis – sports baby carriages
Person: – when repairing an engine breakdown – when changing the wheel of a vehicle – on foot
6. A driver is the occupant of a transportation vehicle who is driving or intends to drive it. 7. A passenger [passenger] is any occupant of a transport vehicle other than the driver. Excl.: Person carried on the outside of a vehicle – see definition (h)
8. A person on the outside of a vehicle is any person carried by a vehicle but not occupying the space normally provided for the driver or passengers or for the carriage of goods. Incl.: person (riding on) – roof (luggage rack) – body – holding on to the outside – bumper [fender] – running board – step ladder
9. A bicycle is any land transportation vehicle that has pedal propulsion only. Incl.: Tricycle Velo
Exkl.: Motorized bicycle – see definition (k)
10. A cyclist [bicyclist] is any person riding a bicycle or riding in a bicycle sidecar or trailer. 11. A motorcycle is a two-wheeled, one- or two-seat motor vehicle [motor vehicle], or three-wheeled if equipped with a sidecar. The sidecar is considered part of the motorcycle. Incl.: Bicycle with auxiliary motor Moped Motorcycle: – with sidecar – o.N.A.
Motor scooter Velo with auxiliary motor
Excl.: Motorized tricycle – see definition (m)
12. A motorcyclist is any person riding a motorcycle or riding in a motorcycle sidecar or trailer. 13. A three-wheeled motor vehicle is a motorized tricycle designed primarily for use on roads. Incl.: Three-wheeled motor vehicle Motorized rickshaw Motorized tricycle
Excl.: Special off-road vehicle – see definition (x) Motorcycle with sidecar – see definition (k)
14. A passenger car [automobile] is a four-wheeled motor vehicle [motor vehicle] designed primarily to carry up to ten persons. A trailer or caravan pulled by a passenger car is considered part of the passenger car. 15. The terms motor vehicle or vehicle are used for different means of transport. The customary use of these designations should be decisive for coding purposes. If the terms are used ambiguously, the term "unspecified" should be used be coded. A trailer or caravan pulled by a vehicle is considered part of the vehicle. 16. A van is a four- or six-wheeled motor vehicle [motor vehicle] designed primarily for the transportation of goods, the weight of which is less than the customary local limit for classification as a truck, and the driving of which does not require a special driver's license. 17. A lorry is a motor vehicle [motor vehicle] intended primarily for the carriage of goods, which meets the local characteristics for classification as a lorry in terms of total weight (usually more than 3500 kg) and for the driving of which a special driver's license is required. Incl.: Heavy-duty vehicle
18. Intended for transporting more than 10 persons. For the driving of which a special driver's license is required. Incl.: Trolleybus Coach
19. A railroad train or railroad vehicle is a vehicle intended for traffic on a railroad track with or without coupled wagons. Inkl.: Railway train of any type of propulsion [diesel oil] [electricity] [steam]: – Single-rail or double-rail – Cable car – Subway or elevated railroad
Other vehicles intended for traffic on rails Light rail: – electric rail (operates mainly on its own track closed to other traffic) – streetcar (operates mainly on its own track closed to other traffic)
Exkl.: Electric light rail vehicles [streetcars] designed to travel on a railroad track that is part of a public street or road – see definition (s)
20. A streetcar is a rail-bound vehicle designed and used primarily for the transportation of passengers within an urban area. It is usually subject to general traffic regulation and travels mainly on a railroad track, which is part of the roadway. A trailer coupled to the motor car shall be deemed to be part of the street car. Incl.: Electric light rail or streetcar in urban traffic on roads or public thoroughfares Tram Tramway (-car)
21. A special purpose vehicle used primarily on premises is a motor vehicle [motor vehicle] intended primarily for use within the buildings and on the premises of industrial or commercial establishments. Incl.: Battery-powered : – Passenger vehicle at airports – Trolley (baggage) (mail)
Conveyor cage, cart or wagon (power-driven) in mine or quarry Forklift Baggage cart at railroad station (power-driven) Timber loader Self-propelled industrial cart Coal cart in mine
22. A special purpose vehicle used primarily in agriculture is a motor vehicle [motor vehicle] intended specifically for agricultural (horticultural) use, such as z.B. For ground work, tillage and harvesting, and for transporting materials on the farm. Incl.: self-propelled agricultural machinery combine harvester tractor (and trailer)
23. A construction site special vehicle is a motor vehicle [motor vehicle] specially designed for use in the construction (and demolition) of roads, buildings or other structures. Incl.: excavator bulldozer dump truck backhoe dozer road roller
24. An off-road special purpose vehicle is a motor vehicle [motor vehicle] which, due to its special design, is capable of negotiating uneven, low load-bearing and snow-covered terrain. Characteristic design features are z.B. High ground clearance of the chassis, chain drive, special wheels and tires or air cushions. Incl.: hovercraft for solid or swampy terrain snowmobile
Exkl.Hovercraft for open water – see definition (y)
25. A watercraft is any machine used to transport people or goods on water. Inkl.: Hovercraft o.N.A.
26. An aircraft is any vehicle used to transport people or goods by air.
Classification and coding rules for transportation accidents
1. If it is unclear whether an event is a traffic accident or a non-traffic accident, the following is assumed: 1. It is a traffic accident if the event is classifiable in the categories V10-V82 and V87. 2. An accident outside traffic is involved if the event is classifiable in categories V83-V86. In these categories, the victim of the accident is either a pedestrian or the occupant of a vehicle designed primarily for use on nonpublic roads.