Parents can only provide limited support for their children's linguistic development. But the baby likes it already in the first months of life, if you answer him and imitate his sounds – or even demonstrate new sounds to him. But it is not necessary to speak in baby talk; speak normally with your child. Basically it likes your voice. Attention in the form of a simple conversation. Between the 3. And 6. In the first month, the child enjoys experiences with toys with which he can produce sounds or noise. Besides, it likes your comments on what is happening like z. B. "But this is a soft sheep."
Perception, language and thinking
Babies express their needs at an early age. At 3 months, your child cries differently depending on the occasion (hunger, anger, boredom) and depends on you to recognize its need. It gurgles. But already laughs. With 6 months it babbles in changing pitches. Can assess the mood of other people.
Generally development is individual and can and need not be forced. Not even the motor. It is quite enough to create good conditions for it. In this way, a child who has enough opportunities for movement and is not constantly lying in a seesaw, trains his motor skills on his own initiative – at what pace he decides for himself. The rough classification looks something like this:
– Until 4. Month: Head control – Up to 9. Month: Sitting freely – Up to 15. Month: Free walking
Motor development and language
It has been scientifically proven that children who move a lot find it easier to speak. Any form of movement supports language acquisition because through movement the child has sensory experiences which, automatically expressed in words by parents, become particularly well established in the mind.
At 3 or 4 months, babies assume a kind of seal posture – head curiously raised, upper body supported on forearms and hands in prone position, elbows extended. In this position, the world can be explored well from the crawling blanket. This is not only an important motor development step, but also shows that your child can already control its visual attention very well; it now no longer just reacts to stimuli, it also seeks them out.
Before the 4. Your baby should not be sitting yet, because his muscles are not yet able to carry his own body weight. Support its head therefore always well, if they hold it. In most cases, children from the age of 6. Month automatically and sit up independently for the first time.
Sucking and grasping
Bringing an object to your mouth by yourself is a great coordination effort, because it requires many different skills. And the preparations for this start early: Already in the 4. In the first month of pregnancy, many unborn babies suck on their fingers – they have already mastered hand-mouth coordination. When babies bring a hand to their face, look at it and move their fingers, hand-eye coordination works. From about the age of 3. In the first month of life a child can bring his hands together. Masters hand-hand coordination with it. Month of life a child can bring his hands together. Mastered with it the hand-hand coordination. From the 5. Month it purposefully approaches an object with its hands and grabs it.
From milk to spoon
WHO (World Health Organization) recommends to exclusively breastfeed the baby for the first 6 months of life. According to current baby nutrition research, it is ideal to slowly transition to small portions of complementary foods after 4 months of age. Offering food that is as varied as possible can prevent allergies. In the beginning, the baby will only suck and suck on the cooked carrot, the piece of bread, the cooked apple slice (please always under supervision – danger of suffocation if it chokes!). This so-called finger food can be maintained, especially for children who do not like porridge. Eating is like everything else also very individual. At around 6 months of age, your child is ready to eat from a spoon: He or she can now deliberately close the mouth, leave the tongue behind, swallow porridge or other complementary foods.
This develops only from about the age of 18. Month of life. Then your child recognizes himself in the mirror, thus becomes aware of himself. A baby makes eye contact at the age of 3 months. Turns the head specifically for this purpose. It is happy to be addressed, smiles at familiar and unfamiliar faces, and is learning better and better how to tell them apart. The strangeness phase doesn't start until you're about 8 months old.
A newborn baby sleeps an average of 18 out of 24 hours, three quarters of the day. But no newborn sleeps for long at a stretch, not even at night, because it needs something to eat much more often than an adult or even than a toddler. In the first 3 months, it will therefore have a sleep-wake rhythm in which the sleep phases are a little longer at night; however, it will wake up more often than adults and will not sleep as deeply as adults do. This cycle varies from baby to baby, but generally you can expect your baby to sleep up to 2 hours at a time during the day and no more than 4 to 6 hours at a time at night. Some babies can sleep through the night within a few weeks, but for most it takes months, sometimes up to a year.
Morning and afternoon naps
At 3 months of age, your baby will sleep about twice as much at night as during the day. Morning and afternoon naps become less frequent but longer when your baby is 6 months old. At this age it usually sleeps about 11 hours with short interruptions, during the day it takes naps of about half an hour. Such data are always indicative. The sleep needs of children are just as individual as those of adults and may vary more or less from these values.
Because your child also has its own biorhythms, it can not always sleep when you want it to. But with fixed rituals you can help him to support his biorhythm, to direct sleeping and feeding into a temporal order.