Many everyday things are characterized by the fact that technology is always evolving. Therefore, the globalization could and can proceed more and more. This is also noticeable in the area of transport in combination with globalization.
Passenger traffic and transport and flying
Globalization in general has not stopped at transportation, passenger traffic and freight traffic. Finally, the most diverse means of transportation have continued to develop in the technical sense. This means that the most distant routes can be covered in an ever shorter time. This benefits not only passenger traffic, but also the goods economy. Many of these goods can be transported many times faster to the relevant logistics centers. This can be clearly seen from the figures that have been obtained for transport and passenger traffic in recent years. The development of the number of passenger kilometers since 1960 can be observed here. The volume of goods transported by air freight has also increased. These figures have increased more than a hundredfold by 2008 alone. In terms of domestic and international air traffic, this means that more than 6.7 million people were transported worldwide every day in 2008. In terms of air freight volume, over 25 million tons of goods were transported by air in the same year. Freight was transported on average over 5.200 kilometers. If we look at the international level, the volume of air freight is 131 billion ton kilometers.
Globalization and maritime traffic
Many goods are still transported by sea. This can also be seen from the many container ships that cross the great seas or lakes. Since 1920, the number of goods transported by sea has also risen sharply. In 2007, more than 8 million tons of goods were transported. The number of nautical miles crossed in the process was over 4100. It is also interesting to compare nautical miles between four decades ago and 2007. In 1967, for example, the number of ton-miles was less than 6 million.000 billion. For the year 2007, a value of at least 33 nautical miles was calculated.000 ton-miles recorded. In the meantime, transport by train, car or plane is becoming increasingly widespread. This means that tourism and passenger traffic, which is cross-border, can also expand more and more. After all, more and more regions are being opened up.
The movement of goods in detail
Advances in technology now offer much better transport options for the movement of goods. On the one hand, electronic equipment can be transported more safely. On the other hand, foodstuffs with even better refrigeration can survive transport to more distant areas. This can also be seen in the verifiable export of goods, for which figures are available for the period from 1960 to 2008. The export of goods has increased by a factor of 15. If, on the other hand, we look at the goods whose production has been statistically documented, the increase is smaller. Here, the increase is 5.4 times.
While in the area of investments abroad also a high increase was registered, the same is true for the world trade volume. Within 27 years, the world's trade volume increased by 14.6 trillion US dollars. This has led to a worldwide increase in the volume of goods exported to the tune of 13.600 billion. US dollars have come. In the case of services, a value of 3.300 billion. US dollars reached. This also allows more precise conclusions to be drawn about how the rapid increase in transport in connection with globalization has come about.
Further market development
The combination of globalization and transport is also determined by the fact that many companies are no longer based in just one country. After all, it is no longer enough to be active only on the national market. What is needed, therefore, is a market capable of far surpassing the results of the national market. Often these are found in neighboring countries or in developing countries. The advantage of the neighboring countries is that they have better infrastructure. Therefore, more distant regions can be reached more quickly within these countries by means of rail, truck or regional air transportation. In developing countries, on the other hand, transport conditions alone are not yet well developed, which is why not all goods can be sent to the developing countries.
Globalization and the impact on individual continents
Globalization therefore also has an effect on the individual continents or regions. Individual countries join together in it, which enables them to work in a better way. Finally, agreements are being made in various areas, such as transportation. In the case of these mergers, they are also called free trade areas. These are
– the European Union (EU)
– the NAFTA in North America
– the APEC in the Pacific
– ASEAN in Southeast Asia
– Mercosur in South America
– CARICOM in the Caribbean region
– the GCC with some Gulf states.
The African Union represents a further alliance. African countries have joined forces there. However, countries are also not yet as developed in terms of transportation and are therefore in the process of developing. In many regions of the world, however, rail networks in particular are. Air transport meanwhile has been further developed. Therefore, the number of goods could also develop further. Last but not least, this has had an effect on the labor market. Finally, this creates a need for workers who, for example, transfer goods from one means of transport to the next vehicle or aircraft. In addition, more and more drivers are needed to steer the trucks with the goods safely to their destination.