Fine-tuning the details is what Honda is giving the 2022 vintage of the CRF1000L Africa Twin. Now standard aluminum luggage rack, optimized software for optional DCT dual-clutch transmission and new paint with 'Big Logo' graphics enhance the successful adventure bike.

Technical fundamentals and modern design continue to fascinate: the Africa Twin, comprehensively revised as recently as 2020, combines convincing on-road and off-road performance thanks to an improved chassis, comfortable seating position and five kilos less weight with the inspiring 1100cc engine, which offers more power and torque. State-of-the-art electronics and gyro sensors support driving pleasure with four driving modes, cornering ABS, HSTC traction control and wheelie control. Features dual-LED headlights, 6.5-inch TFT touchscreen, cruise control and USB power outlet round out Bluetooth connectivity with Apple CarPlay® and Android Auto®.


Model overview
Technical data
1. Introduction

More than 30 years ago, Honda introduced the XRV650 as the first Africa Twin in Europe. The spirit and tradition of this legendarily successful bike can also be felt in the current models, since the Africa Twin once again enriched the market in 2016 as the CRF1000L and a complete redesign. The unerring balance of performance. Lightness once distinguished the original. Exactly the same applies to the current Africa Twin. The Adventure Sports sister. The combination of inviting looks, an engine that combines high-torque dynamics with riding fun, and the convincing on-road and off-road handling results in the perfect adventure all-rounder. For many globetrotters, touring riders and commuters, the Africa Twin models are the first choice.

For the 2018 model year, models with both conventional manual transmissions and DCT dual-clutch transmissions received an electronic throttle (Throttle By Wire), three drive modes, and expanded Honda Selectable Torque Control (HSTC) traction control options. In addition, the intake and exhaust system was revised to further optimize the engine's responsiveness and sound. Added the Africa Twin Adventure Sports with further improved wind protection, more tank capacity as well as longer suspension travel, which is ideally equipped for particularly extended adventure tours.

With the evolution for the year 2020 and the long-stroke designed two-cylinder with 1084 cm3 displacement in the improved chassis, the CRF1100L Africa Twin Adventure Sports* was still supplemented by a variant with electronically controlled Showa EERATM suspension (Electronically Equipped Ride Adjustment). The standard CRF1100L Africa Twin also received more power, higher torque and less weight, the dynamic compact design in rally style moved it even more into the offroad segment.

*See also the separate press release on the CRF1100L Africa Twin Adventure Sports.

2. Model overview

The CRF1100L Africa Twin, which has just undergone an intensive redesign for 2020, fascinates and excites with a sharpened off-road focus that has the look and feel of a true rally bike.

The Africa Twin presents itself more athletic than the 1000 predecessor, namely more compact, slimmer and 5 kilos lighter. The 1084cc engine produces 7 percent more peak power and 6 percent more torque with more power across the rev range, while meeting strict Euro 5 emissions standards. The chassis is equipped with a new rear frame made of aluminum. The swingarm, also made of aluminum, is based on the one used on the motocross CRF450R.

Highly sophisticated control electronics with six-axis gyro sensor that measures inertia and responds to acceleration, turning and position changes, controls seven-stage Honda Selectable Torque Control (HSTC) traction control, three-stage wheelie control, rear lift control, cornering ABS and cornering detection for the DCT dual-clutch transmission. The driver can choose between the four driving modes Urban, Tour, Gravel and Offroad to suit any driving situation.

Ergonomically perfectly designed, also for off-road use, the slim seat area presents itself in combination with the high-positioned handlebars. Dual-LED daytime running lights are more easily seen by other road users and increase safety. Cruise control is standard equipment. Via the multi-information display (MID) with 6.5-inch TFT touchscreen, Africa Twin owners can access the bike's many setting options, Apple CarPlay® and Bluetooth connectivity. Android Auto® functionality came on board in 2021.

For 2022, the CRF1100L Africa Twin has further refined control software for the optional DCT dual-clutch transmission, which controls the shift points in first and second gear even more optimally. An aluminum luggage rack is now fitted as standard, plus an attractive paint scheme with new 'Big Logo' graphics enhances this successful adventure bike.

3. Features

3.1 Styling& Equipment

Compact bodywork, narrow contoured seat, high handlebars
Multi-information display (MID) with 6.5-inch TFT touchscreen
Apple CarPlay® and Android Auto® allow smartphone control via the MID
Bluetooth connectivity, cruise control and daytime running lights
New 'Big Logo' Graphics

Dynamic and compact, this aptly describes the bodywork design of the Africa Twin, in support of off-road capability. The fixed windshield is low for ideal terrain overview. The seat height is 850 to 870 mm, the handlebars are optimally positioned for an upright sitting position. This, combined with the carefully contoured seat, ensures optimum control of the bike and maximum comfort, both standing up when off-roading and in a seated position.

LED dual headlights provide powerful light and feature integrated daytime running lights that automatically adjust their intensity based on lighting conditions, improving safety. Sturdy hand protectors are standard equipment.

The 6.5-inch multi-information display (MID) with full-color TFT touchscreen allows easy control of system settings. The various driving modes can be quickly selected on the top left screen. The MID can be individually configured to display different information on the selected driving mode. It can be operated with gloves without any problem.

With integrated Apple CarPlay® and Android Auto®, popular smartphones can be used via the Africa Twin's touchscreen. Navigation apps can be accessed, and calls can also be controlled via a Bluetooth headset in the helmet. Smartphones are connected to the MID via USB. Iphone® and Android devices® can also be connected wirelessly via Bluetooth. Smartphone operation is via buttons on the left of the handlebars.

Front and rear turn signals have an emergency stop signal function. Abrupt emergency braking from speeds above 50 km/h is indicated to other road users by this warning flashing function. The emergency stop feature is equipped with an automatic shutdown function – this does not work by means of a simple timer, but by monitoring the different rotation speeds at the front and rear wheel. Cruise control is also part of the standard equipment, making long-distance journeys more pleasant.

New for 2022 is the "big logo" design of the paintwork, plus the aluminum side covers are now in black. An aluminum luggage rack for the luggage is now also part of the standard equipment.

The CRF1100L Africa Twin is available in 2022 in the following colors:

Pearl Glare White Tricolour
Grand Prix Red
Matte Ballistic Black

3.2 engine

1084 cm3 displacement, 75 kW (102 hp) peak power, 105 Nm torque New cylinder heads, camshafts, throttle bodies and a revised exhaust system ensure a power boost since the 2020 vintage Rear silencer with Exhaust Control Valve (ECV) for improved sound in the low rev range and more power at high revs

The basic architecture of the eight-valve, two-cylinder SOHC engine remains unchanged. The displacement increased from 998 to 1 in the model revision for 2020.084 cubic centimeter. This made it possible to increase power from 70 kW to 75 kW (at 7.500 rpm) and a torque that has grown from 99 Nm to 105 Nm at 6.250 rpm. This plus makes itself already from 2.500 revolutions noticeable. Brings noticeably more power up into the upper rev range.500 rpm and provides noticeably more power up into the upper rpm range.

To achieve this increase in displacement with the same 92 mm bore, Honda lengthened the stroke from 75.1 mm to 81.5 mm. The compression ratio is 10.1:1. The cylinder liners are made of aluminum. In conjunction with the conventional manual transmission, the engine weighs only 66.4 kg (2.5 kg lighter than the 1000 predecessor). With DCT the drive comes to 74.9 kg (2.2 kg lighter).

The cylinder heads as well as the throttle bodies were also revised, the latter have 46 mm Ø. Bore and cylinder clearances present adjusted to create a consistent intake profile. Further modifications concerned the injection angle and the ECU (Electronic Control Unit) control electronics to inject fuel more precisely into the similarly revised dual-ignition combustion chambers.

For the 2020 model year, the valve timing has been optimized and the valve lift has been increased on the intake and exhaust sides (intake: 10.1 mm instead of 9.2 mm; exhaust: 9.3 instead of 8.6 mm).

For better tuning of combustion and gas exchange, the exhaust system has a variable ECV exhaust valve (Exhaust Control Valve). This opens at high engine speeds, similar to a system used in the CBR1000RR Fireblade. This not only improves the engine's performance and efficiency, but also gives it a pleasantly restrained sound.

The design advantages of the power unit remain in place. Unicam valve train from the CRF450R motocrosser allows for compact cylinder heads, which are essential to the parallel-twin concept of mass centralization and the slim packaging of the Africa Twin. The crankshaft with 270 degrees of crankpin offset, in harmony with the irregular firing order, supports the pulsating running culture similar to a V-twin.

The engine housing of the CRF1100L two-cylinder is vertically split, with the thermostat positioned on the cylinder head to save space. The housing components for the six-speed manual transmission. For DCT differ externally only minimally. The engine's two balance shafts help drive both the water and oil pumps.

The engine features semi-dry sump lubrication, with the oil tank housed inside the case rather than externally. This allows a flatter oil pan. Thus an overall low overall height of the engine. Since the pressure pump is located directly in the oil tank, there is no need for additional lines to supply and remove the lubricant. Second-order vibrations are compensated for by the twin's counter-rotating pistons; two balancer shafts also absorb first-order crankshaft vibrations and clutch vibrations.

Aluminum clutch hub and pressure plate use "assist cams" for simplified upshifting and "slipper cams" for sliding operation under braking and smooth downshifting. Reduced diameter and low preload of the compression springs help make the clutch lever easy to operate.

The manually operated six-speed transmission uses the same shift drum design as the CRF450R motocrosser to provide precise and safe gear changes. A quickshifter is optionally available.

3.3 Engine and chassis electronics

Traction control optimized via electronics with six-axis sensors
Three-stage wheelie control
Four riding modes: Tour, Urban, Gravel, Offroad. Plus two user driving modes

The Honda Africa Twin already received an electronic throttle (Throttle By Wire, TBW) in 2018 for finer dosage of engine power, as well as the HSTC traction control (Honda Selectable Torque Control) for always secure grip on the rear wheel. The control electronics* have been significantly further developed for the 2020 model year: This now works with the data from a gyro sensor, which records the mass inertia over 6 axes and thus determines the respective riding condition of the motorcycle.

The electronics allow engine power to be set in four stages and engine braking in three stages. The HSTC traction control can be set in seven levels, and the processing of gyro sensor data (positive/negative acceleration, rotations in all directions, and up/down position changes) is a big step forward. The differences between the individual stages can be felt more clearly, so that riders can better control rear wheel slippage in off-road use, for example. Traction control can also be switched off completely if required.

Another feature is the wheelie control: Here, the gyro sensor system provides information on the tilt angle of the bike and controls the speed accordingly via the TBW system. Three levels can be selected here. In stage 1, deliberate lifting of the front wheel is possible, but uncontrolled climbing is prevented. At level 3, any loss of contact of the front wheel with the ground is prevented. Stage 2 lies between these stages. The wheelie control can also be deactivated if required.

Four riding modes are pre-installed: Tour, Urban, Gravel and Offroad. These cover most riding requirements. Two additional driving modes can be individually defined by the rider. But the preset modes can also be varied – the HSTC traction control in seven stages, the wheelie control in three stages (plus disengagement), and the dual-clutch transmission (if present) in S mode in three possible shift patterns.

Tour delivers maximum power delivery (1) for touring with pillion and luggage, a medium-strong engine braking effect (2) and active cornering ABS for asphalt.

Urban offers medium power delivery (2), medium engine braking (2) and active onroad cornering ABS for a variety of needs.

Gravel is the mode with the least power delivery (4) and engine braking effect (3). The cornering ABS is active in an off-road setting. The ABS of the rear brake can not be switched off. Offroad uses low to medium power delivery (3). The least engine braking effect (3). The cornering ABS is active in an off-road setting. The ABS on the rear wheel can be switched off.

User 1& 2 allows two personalized setups. The power delivery can be adjusted in stages 1 to 4, the engine brake in stages 1 to 3. In addition, the ABS functions can be set individually for onroad and offroad needs.

*See also chapter 3.5 (chassis) of this press release.

3.4 double clutch gearboxes

Gear changes in automatic modes D or S and in manual mode (MT)
Three-stage S mode permits higher engine speeds and downshifts earlier than D mode; ideal for dynamic sporty driving
G-Switch for traction-optimized off-road tuning
Gradient detection automatically adjusts gear changes
Gyrosensor-supported curve detection for improved shift timing
Model year 2022 with software update for smoother starts and optimized shifting in the lower gears

Honda already has over 200 in Europe.000 motorcycles with dual-clutch transmission (DCT) sold. In 2009, the system made its debut on the VFR1200F. In 2020, 47% of all Africa Twins sold (including the Adventure Sports) have already been delivered to customers with DCT, further proof of the popularity of this advanced technology, which only Honda offers in the motorcycle sector.

The dual clutch transmission makes driving easier by automatically changing gears. Also the dosed actuation of the clutch for starting is done by the electronic-hydraulic control system. That's why there is no clutch lever on DCT-Hondas. Simply turning the throttle after activating the drive mode is all it takes to get going. The combination of ease of use, comfort and effortlessness that Honda's DCT system makes possible makes motorcycling enormously easier and quickly becomes a pleasant matter of course for users, who will be reluctant to do without it in the future.

Technically, the system uses two clutches: One for starting and for gears one, three and five, the other is responsible for second, fourth and sixth gears. For a compact design, both main shafts are tucked inside each other. Each clutch is controlled by an electronic-hydraulic circuit. With automated shifting, the system preselects the next gear in each case with the help of the currently open clutch. While this one closes electronically, the other one opens at the same time – so that the newly selected gear can engage without traction interruption. The result is soft. Fast gear changes without noticeable shift pauses. There is also minimal interruption of rear wheel pull and torque during DCT gear changes, which virtually eliminates jerking and pitching of the machine.

Another benefit is the potentially increased service life, because rough or carelessly executed shifting operations, which can damage the gears, are systematically excluded. Stalling is also not possible with DCT, as there is no clutch lever to operate. Especially in city traffic, a dual-clutch bike rides pleasantly effortless and allows the rider to devote his full attention to the traffic action.

With dual-clutch transmission, there is a choice of three operating modes. The D automatic mode offers maximum efficiency and is ideal for city and highway driving. S automatic allows sportier driving in three stages. ECU lets the engine rev a little higher before upshifting. Shifts down again earlier for more engine braking effect. In MT mode, the rider shifts gears manually via thumb buttons. Index finger on the left handlebar assembly.

Even in automated D or S mode, the rider can intervene at any time by correcting the gear selection via the manual DCT buttons. Depending on the throttle angle, vehicle speed and gear, the dual-clutch transmission then seamlessly switches back to automatic mode at the appropriate time.

Pressing the G button on the TFT touchscreen display activates an additional off-road mode. Less slippage when shifting gives the rider a better sense of available grip off-road. In addition, the DCT system has integrated slope detection, which optimizes shifting behavior depending on the slope or gradient of the road or terrain, thus facilitating control.

Since 2020, the dual-clutch transmission on the CRF1100L Africa Twin has an additional cornering detection feature. The shift program thus adjusts automatically when the gyro sensor detects that the motorcycle is negotiating a bend.

The 2022 model year CRF1000L Africa Twin received an additional software update for smoother starting from a standstill and optimized shifting behavior at slow speeds in gears 1 + 2. 3.5 Chassis

Steel frame, bolted aluminum rear frame, stiff aluminum swingarm with ProLink suspension for optimum traction and feedback Gyro sensor system for the control electronics to sense the vehicle's movements over 6 axles Cornering ABS and additional special off-road setting

The Bosch MM7 control electronics.10 of the Africa Twin is equipped with a gyro sensor that detects the movements of the vehicle over 6 axes. Positioned centrally in the machine, this captures roll angle and rate, pitch angle and rate, and yaw angle and rate in real time. The data on the state of motion enables the electronics to control accurately and precisely: Rear wheel traction (with the help of the electronic throttle and HSTC traction control), potential front wheel braking power controlled via cornering ABS, front wheel ground contact via Wheelie Control and rear wheel slip via Rear Lift Control.

In addition, Honda engineers have redesigned the Africa Twin's double-loop tubular steel frame for the 2020 model year. The goal was to increase off-road capability while improving all-around performance on the road.

In addition to greater stiffness in the steering head area, the main frame tubes have been slimmed down and straightened in the course, and a transverse stiffener has been omitted in the front area. A bolted, red-painted aluminum subframe replaces a steel structure and at the same time is 40 mm narrower than the previous solution at only 195 mm wide, which reduces the crotch curve and helps the rider to better reach the ground. Aluminum swingarm, designed to match the CRF450R, improves rear traction due to increased stiffness.

Showa's 45mm upside down fork provides 230mm of travel for top performance on and off the road. Rebound and compression damping are continuously adjustable. Cast aluminum upper triple clamp and forged aluminum lower triple clamp, connected by a hollow aluminum fork yoke, secure the fork legs via solid double clamps with two bolts each at top and bottom.

Showa rear shock offers 220 mm of travel, a 45 mm cartridge and an external reservoir for sustained stable damping even in extreme terrain. Spring preload can be adjusted for practical use via a rotary knob; rebound and compression damping are also fully adjustable.

Swingarm bearing mounts are made of high-strength forged steel. The progressive ProLink lever steering system on the rear wheel is supported by a ball joint on a cross-connection tube. This gives the driver better feedback for rear wheel traction behavior.

In order to ideally dose the braking pressure via the ABS, the gyro sensor system analyzes the angle of inclination of the machine in an inclined position, the deceleration (via speed sensors on the front and rear wheels) and the slip rate on the front and rear wheels. In case of unintentional lifting of the rear wheel, the electronics adjust the braking force so that the machine stabilizes again. Optional rear ABS can be deactivated for off-road riding.

On the front wheel, floating 310 mm wave dual discs with four-piston radial calipers and sintered metal brake pads provide deceleration. Wave rear brake disc measures 256 mm in diameter.

Front and rear 21/18-inch wheels (with aluminum rim bed and stainless steel spokes) are fitted with Bridgestone Battlax AX41T Adventurecross Tourer tires or Metzeler Karoo Street tires in sizes 90/90-21M/C 54H and 150/70R18 M/C 70H, respectively. Coarse-tread TKC80 studded Continental tires in 90/90-21 M/C 54S and 150/70B18 M/C 70Q are also approved for mounting, but a limited top speed of 160 km/h must be observed with them.

Ground clearance is 250 mm, wheelbase 1.575 mm, steering head angle 27.5°, fork trail 113 mm and weight full tank 229 kg (DCT 240kg)

4. The range of Honda original accessories for the Africa Twin includes a 42-liter top case. Aluminum side cases and a 58 liter top case and plastic side cases. Bench seats can be retrofitted at Honda dealers in various heights: a low version covers the range from 825 to 845 mm, a higher version 875 to 895 mm. Also available are touring screen, radiator guard, engine guard, crash bar as well as hand protector extensions, heated grips and a 12 volt power socket.

5. Technical data


Type: Liquid-cooled, two-cylinder SOHC four-stroke in-line engine, Unicam cylinder head, 8 valves, 270° crankshaft, Euro 5

Displacement: 1.084 cm3

Bore x stroke: 92 mm x 81.5 mm

Compression ratio: 10.1:1

Max. Power: 75 kW (102 HP) at 7.500 rpm

Max. Torque: 105 Nm at 6.250 rpm

Noise emission: MT: constant passing 73.5 dB, acceleration under full throttle 79.2 dB / DCT: constant passing 73.6 dB, acceleration under full throttle 79.4 dB

Oil volume: MT: 4.8 liters / DCT: 5.2 liters


Mixture preparation: PGM-FI fuel injection

Fuel tank capacity: 18.8 liters

CO2 emissions: MT: 112 g/km

DCT: 110 g/km

Fuel consumption: MT: 4.9 liters/100 km (20.4 km per liter)

DCT: 4.8 liters/100 km (20.8 km per liter)


Starter: E-Starter

Battery: 12 Volt / 6 Ah Lithium-Ion

Alternator: 0,49 kW / 5.000 rpm


Clutch: MT: Multi-disc clutch in oil bath, anti-hopping clutch

DCT: 2 multi-plate clutch packs

Transmission MT/DCT: 6 gears manual/6 gears electronic-hydraulic controlled

Final drive: O-ring chain


Type: double loop tubular frame


Dimensions L/W/H: 2.330 x 960 x 1.395 mm

Wheelbase: 1.575 mm

Steering head angle: 27.5

Caster: 113 mm

Seat height: 850/870 mm (with optional low seat 825 mm, with optional high seat 895 mm)

Ground clearance: 250 mm

Weight full tank: 229 kg (DCT 240 kg)


Front: 45 mm cartridge upside-down telescopic fork from Showa, fully adjustable (spring preload, rebound and compression), suspension travel 230 mm

Rear: Aluminum swingarm, Pro-Link suspension, gas shocks from Showa, spring preload hydraulically adjustable via handwheel, damper rebound adjustable, 220 mm travel


Front rim: 21 x 2.15 inch, aluminum spoke wheel

Rear rim: 18 x 4.00 inch, aluminum spoke wheel

Front tire: 90/90-21 M/C 54H (with tube) Bridgestone Battlax AX41T Adventurecross Tourer or Metzeler Karoo Street

Rear tire: 150/70R18 M/C 70H (with tube) Bridgestone Battlax AX41T Adventurecross Tourer or Metzeler Karoo Street


ABS: cornering ABS, ABS modes with onroad and offroad settings

Front: 310 mm wave double discs, aluminum hub, floating, four-piston radial calipers, sintered metal brake pads

Rear: 256 mm wave brake disc, single-piston caliper, sintered metal pads, rear ABS can be switched off


Instruments: 6.5 inch TFT touch screen, LCD speedometer,

Multi-Information Display


Immobilizer, alarm system optional

Front headlights: LED

Taillight: LED


Daytime running lights, Bluetooth audio, Apple CarPlay®, Android Auto®, Bosch electronics MM7.10 with 6-axis gyro sensor, USB port, automatic turn signal reset, cruise control, emergency brake signal, traction control (HSTC), wheelie control, 4 preconfigured driving modes (urban, tour, gravel, offroad) plus 2 user driving modes

** Please note: This information represents Honda test results under standardized conditions as per WMTC. The tests were performed with a standard version of the car, with a driver and without additional equipment. Actual fuel consumption may vary depending on driving style, vehicle maintenance, weather, road conditions, tire condition, accessories, driver and passenger weight, and other factors. All information without guarantee, subject to change.

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